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Millions of people worldwide are affected with arthritis in one of many different forms. Osteoarthritis is the most common type that is seen in the majority of people.
It occurs when the protective cartilage that cushions the ends of your bones wears down over time. Any joint can be affected, but osteoarthritis generally affects the hip, hands, spine, and knees. The damage to these joints can not be reversed, but the symptoms can be managed.
Symptoms of Osteoarthritis
The symptoms of this disorder include pain that may be more noticeable during movement, and stiffness in the joints upon awakening, or after inactivity. The joint may be tender when pressure is applied to or near it. Loss of flexibility may restrict the joint from being moved to its full range.
You might feel a grating sensation when you use the joint, and you might hear popping or crackling. Other symptoms are bone spurs in which hard lumps form near the affected joint. Lastly, it is swelling which occurs as the result of soft tissue inflammation. A person could have one or more of these symptoms, and in severe cases, all of the symptoms may be present.
Diagnosis and treatment for osteoarthritis
If you suspect that you or a loved one is experiencing pain in joints, it is a good idea to visit an orthopedic doctor.
- They will examine you to check for tenderness, redness, swelling, and flexibility of the affected area.
- They will then take pictures of the area by Xray, or an MRI. They might also prescribe you a blood test.
- They might also take the joint fluid to analyze the joint fluid and blood to determine an accurate diagnosis. To get joint fluid, the doctor will use a needle to draw fluid from an affected area.
The treatment for osteoarthritis can include over the counter pain medications or prescription pain pills. Physical and occupational therapies are also common treatments for the disorder. Surgical and other procedures like injections are often used for more severe cases. Joint replacement, and realigning the bones are also well-known treatments.
An early diagnosis can also be beneficial in setting up long term care options for the individual. If the patient is diagnosed early, he or she may take precautionary measures so that the problem does not become worse.
Osteoarthritis vs Rheumatoid Arthritis
There is one major difference between the two types of arthritis. Osteoarthritis is caused by the mechanical wearing down of the joint cartilage. Rheumatoid arthritis is caused when the immune system of the body attacks the joints of the body. It is known as an autoimmune disease.
Osteoarthritis and cartilage
Osteoarthritis and Cartilage is one of the official monthly journals of the Osteoarthritis Research Society International. People all over the world can have access to valuable information on osteoarthritis. Make sure to do your research and find the best orthopedic doctor for your specific needs. Through Mya Care, you can search for hospitals and doctors worldwide. So for example if you are looking for a best orthopedic doctor in Dubai, you can use the search engine to view details and credentials about the doctor and hospital, including if they have conducted any research studies in this field.
There are many things that can be done to preserve joint function, mobility, and quality of life. The board certified orthopedic doctor provide each of their patients with the best treatment options based on individual needs. At the same time, on your part, it is essential to take out some time for physical activity and maintain a healthy weight.