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Movember is a yearly event in which men grow out there mustaches in the cold month of November. Women also step forward to support them. All of this is done to raise awareness and funds for men's health, including testicular cancer, and prostate cancer.
This movement is also for the awareness of the importance of early cancer detection. Movember also encourages men to be aware of their family history of testicular and prostate cancer and to embrace a healthy lifestyle.
What Is Prostate Cancer?
Prostate cancer is a disease that affects the prostate. The prostate is located amidst the bladder and the penis in a male's reproductive system. The prostate is right in front of the rectum. The urethra operates through the middle of the prostate, letting the urine pass outside of the body.
Symptoms Of Prostate Cancer may include:
- Difficulty urinating
- Dribbling of urine even when the bladder is empty
- Excessive urination
- Frequent urination
- Weak urination stream
- Pain within bones
- Blood in the urine
It is important to note that sometimes other noncancerous conditions of the prostate, such as BPH or an enlarged prostate, can cause similar symptoms.
Early-stage prostate cancer may have no symptoms or signs. It is usually found through screening. There are two tests that may be used for this
Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) Test
A blood test called a prostate specific antigen (PSA) test measures the level of PSA in the blood. The levels of PSA in the blood may be higher in men who have prostate cancer but can also be elevated in other conditions that affect the prostate such as an infection. Other factors, such as age and race, can also affect PSA levels. There it is important to talk to your doctor about these tests as they will recommend the best way forward.
Digital Rectal Examination (DRE)
A digital rectal examination (DRE) is a test used to see if you might have a prostate problem or prostate cancer. However, the DRE is not always completely accurate test. The doctor or nurse can’t feel the whole prostate.
Diagnosis of Prostate Cancer
There are many diagnoses in which a medical professional can detect cancer.
During a biopsy session, a radiologist or urologist collects tissue specimens from the prostate through the rectum. They then proceed to remove the hollow-core needles from each side of the prostate with a biopsy gun. Prostate biopsies can usually be done without the patient being admitted into the hospital. On rare occasions, the patient may have to be hospitalized. Once the procedure is over, they will prescribe you with an antibiotic medication to prevent further complications and infections.
2. Prostate Imaging
Ultrasound and MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) are effective ways to detect prostate cancer. A urologist will look for a certain type of soundwave, which will tell them if you have cancer.
Treatment Options Of Prostate Cancer
- Hormonal therapy
- Radiation therapy
- Active surveillance
What Is Testicular Cancer?
Testicular cancer is a type of cancer that originates in the testicles of the male reproductive system.
Symptoms Of Testicular Cancer
- A lump in the testicles
- Lower back pain
- Breast augmentation
- Testicle firmness
- Sharp pain in the scrotum or lower abdomen
- Dull pain in the scrotum or lower abdomen
- Coughing up blood
- A lump in the neck
- Shortness of breath
Diagnosis Of Testicular Cancer
The most common diagnosis for testicular cancer is a stiff lump or lumps in the testicles.
Getting regular screenings can determine if you have testicular cancer.
A scrotal ultrasound can determine the size and exact location that has cancer tissue.
4. CT Scan
A CT scan can help conclude where metastasis is located.
Treatments For Testicular Cancer
- Lymph Node Surgery
- Adjuvant treatment
Prevention For Testicular Cancer
Doing a regular at-home screening can help you decrease your chances of getting testicular cancer.
Early Detection For Testicular Cancer
Early detection for testicular cancer is usually a stiff lump in the testicles.
Early detection for both prostate cancer as well as testicular cancer is necessary., Therefore, make sure to talk to your doctor specializing in cancer oncology if you have any concerns. If you are looking for skilled and professional cancer oncology doctor globally or any other type of cancer, please use the Mya Care Search Engine to research the best options for you.