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There is a specific field for almost every body part in the medical industry. Colorectal medicine deals with diseases of the colon, rectum and anus. It is sometimes also called proctology. Practitioners of this field are referred to as colorectal surgeons or proctologists.
Multiple procedures and surgeries fall under colorectal medicine. A few of them are:
Colorectal surgeons use a technique called colonoscopy to identify the problem and the risks associated with it. Other techniques include proctoscopy, defecating proctography and sigmoidoscopy.
Modern medicine and its’ success has led to an increased use of laparoscopic surgeries. During this procedure, there is no need of opening up the patient. A tiny incision and laparoscopy instruments can do the trick. It has considerably reduced the risks associated with the surgery and the recovery time from the procedure is much less than that of a surgery.
One fatal disease that falls under colorectal medicine is colon/bowel cancer. It is the growth of cancerous cells in your colon and can be diagnosed via a colonoscopy. The common causes of colon cancer are an excessive intake of red and processed meats, alcohol, lack of physical activity, obesity and smoking. There is a very small chance that colon cancer can be caused due to genetic reasons. Possible red flags include fatigue, weight loss and blood in the stool.
Treatment programs include a variety of therapies including chemotherapy, radiation therapy and also targeted therapy. This cancer is spreadable but it contained within the colon, it can be operated on and removed. Unfortunately, the rise in unhealthy lifestyle choices has ranked colon cancer as the third most common kind of cancer.