Pediatrics is the branch of medicine that deals with diagnosis and treatments of newborns, infants, children and basically all minors. Countries have a different limit of age for pediatricians ranging from 14, 18 and even 21. The physician who practices in this field is called a pediatrician. Some of them work in hospitals, other in clinics or care centers.
This field came into being when researchers realized that children cannot be treated like adults. The physiology of an adult and that of a minor are different, which is why medicine practice on the two age groups cannot be similar. Also, pediatricians deal with a lot of birth defects, development issues and congenital diseases than a physician for adults might come across.
There are many sub-specialties that fall under pediatrics and some of them are:
- Neurology pediatrics
- Hematology/oncology pediatrics
- Rheumatology pediatrics
- Pulmonology pediatrics
- Endocrinology pediatrics
- Trauma and emergency in children
- Neonatology (deals with newborns)
- Critical care
- Development-behavioral pediatrics
- Transplant hepatology pediatrics
- Dental pediatrics
A pediatrician has to enforce a positive and healthy lifestyle on children and much of his responsibility revolves around educating the young minds regarding how to treat their bodies. A pediatrician is concerned with the physical as well as the emotional and social well-being of children. As far as physical health is concerned, a pediatrician’s primary objectives remain that of any other physician; prevention, early diagnosis and managing any other associated problems that come with illnesses.
Children are usually fragile and it takes a really supportive and compassionate doctor to deal with them as needed. If you have any question about the well-being of your children, then post your questions on Mya Care and a professional will answer them for you.