This branch of medicine deals with diseases of the respiratory tract and the study of chest medicine. The term translates from Greek to ‘the study of the lungs.' Some synonyms of pulmonary medicine are pneumology and respiratory medicine. The practitioner of this field is often called a pulmonologist.
Most of the patients in this department find themselves in need of life support and ventilators. Some of the diseases that fall under the scope of pulmonology are chest infections, asthma, pneumonia and tuberculosis (TB). Some of these diseases can be fatal. Pulmonary and respiratory medicine is classified as a branch of intensive care medicine.
A specialist in this field is more likely to make a diagnosis by collecting samples or performing other diagnostic tests. Based on the diagnosis, they will prescribe medication (antibiotics and others) and therapies, for example, oxygen therapies. Pulmonary and respiratory patients are often prescribed inhalers to help them breathe. The surgical procedures will be performed by a cardiothoracic surgeon as they involve complex surgeries involving the heart and lungs.
The procedure of diagnosis that a specialist in the field performs include:
- Chest X-rays
- CT scans
- Positron Emission Tomography (PET scans)
- Blood tests
- Other pulmonary function tests
A sub-specialty under this field is pediatric pulmonologist. Some fatal diseases under pulmonary and respiratory medicine include tuberculosis and lung cancer. Research is actively being conducted in this field on the causes and possible treatments of the mentioned diseases.
If you or any of your loved ones have a respiratory problem, then it is best to get a consultation from an experienced professional. You will find suitable doctors at Mya Care. Just post your questions, and someone will get in touch with you.