Neurosurgery is the branch of medicine that deals with diseases and disorders of the brain, spinal cord, nerves and extra-cranial cerebrovascular system. Just like the field of neurology. The one difference between neurology and neurosurgery is that neurology is the study of the nervous system. It is limited to diagnosis and treatments and is non-surgical. Neurosurgery is the field that deals with diagnosis, preventions and surgeries of neurological disorders.
Although this field has existed for thousands of years in the form of various remedies and methods for pain relief but neurosurgery has modernized only in the past century. The procedures are long and complicated and require an immeasurable amount of skill.
The practitioner of this field is called a neurosurgeon and he has to go through rigorous training before he is allowed to practice. There are a number of things that can go wrong during surgery that may have a lifelong impact on the patient. The patient could have his sight or hearing impaired as an aftermath of the surgery or could lose his ability to walk. Or simply go into a coma for an unknown number of days. The risks associated with neurosurgery are great.
Some of the diseases that a neurosurgeon will deal with include:
- Tumors in the brain or spinal cord
- Brain hemorrhage
- Skull fracture
- Moyamoya disease
- Internal injuries
- Movement disorders
- Spinal disc herniation
There are sub-divisions under neurosurgery and there are chances that a practitioner will specialize in one or more areas under the scope of this field. There are breakthroughs being made through clinical research and clinical trials and in the future, we will see a far more modernized version of this field.
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