Bronchoscopy- Allergy/Immunology, Cancer/Oncology, Diagnostics, Ear Nose And Throat (ENT), Gastroenterology, Pulmonary And Respiratory Medicine
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Bronchoscopy is an endoscopic technique of visualizing the inside of the airways for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. An instrument (bronchoscope) is inserted into the airways, usually through the nose or mouth, or occasionally through a tracheostomy. This allows the practitioner to examine the patient's airways for abnormalities such as foreign bodies, bleeding, tumors, or inflammation. Specimens may be taken from inside the lungs.
A bronchoscopy can be used to diagnose:
- lung disease
- chronic cough
A physician may order a bronchoscopy if there is an abnormal chest X-ray or CT scan that shows evidence of an infection, a tumor, or a collapsed lung. However, this procedure can also be used as a treatment as it allows the medication to be delivered directly to the lungs or can help to remove an object that’s caught in the airways.