Cosmetic Allergy Diagnosis And Treatment- Allergy/Immunology, Dermatology
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Dermatologists i.e. doctors who have specialized in the treatment of skin disorders are the doctors who are involved in cosmetic allergy diagnosis and treatment.
What are cosmetic products?
Cosmetic products are used on the surface of the skin, hair, or nails. These include makeup, lotions, shampoos, conditioners, nail polish etc. They contain different substances or chemicals or essential oils.
What is cosmetic allergy?
Various cosmetic products/beauty products can cause allergic reaction to the skin. The allergic reaction can be as small as a simple rash or can appear as a full-blown allergic reaction. Patient may develop the allergic reaction right after using the cosmetic product or after many years.
How to diagnose the allergic reaction?
A rash due to cosmetic products appears as a dry, scaling, itchy red area. In order to diagnose the allergic reaction due to any particular cosmetic product, the patient should try to do a “use” test or a “patch” test for 3 to 4 days. This can be done by frequently smearing the cosmetic product at the same site on forearm skin. If the patient develops an allergic reaction after this, the dermatologist would recommend specific allergy tests to identify the responsible component/substance in the cosmetic product. By doing so the patient would be able to know which substance is causing the allergic reaction and would be able to avoid specific cosmetic products.
What are the treatment options?
Mild allergic reactions due to cosmetic products generally resolve without any treatment as long as the patient avoids using that particular product. Serious allergic reactions can be treated by using 1% hydrocortisone cream. If this treatment option does not work, a stronger topical steroid is recommended.
Antihistamines, cold compresses, emollients, and immunotherapy are other treatment option depending on the severity of the allergic reactions.