Dental Implant- Dentistry, Oral And Maxillofacial Surgery
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Synonyms: Endosseous implants or fixtures
What are Dental Implants?
Dental implants are artificial posts or frames that support replacement teeth or dentures. They are usually made of titanium, a metal that can bind to the jawbone. An oral surgeon or a trained dentist inserts the implant into the jawbone below the gums.
Dental Implants have a high success rate, approximately 95 percent. Likewise, they cause few complications and carry minimal risks.
Who Might Need a Dental Implant?
Those who have lost a tooth or teeth due to injuries and infections of the gum are ideal candidates for dental implants. It is important for people to have good oral health before they can receive a dental implant.
Moreover, those who have dental implants fitted into their mouth should practice proper oral hygiene and regularly visit a dentist.
Types of Dental Implants
Endosseous dental implants
These implants are usually screw-shaped. An oral surgeon inserts the implant into the upper jaw or the lower jaw. Once they fit in their place, they act as an artificial root for the replacement teeth.
Subperiosteal dental implants
A subperiosteal implant is an ideal option for those who do not have sufficient bone for other implants. Besides, it is also suitable for those who have low-density bones. The implant consists of a frame made of titanium alloys.
An oral surgeon fits the frame onto the jawbone directly below the gum. After some time, the frame binds to the jawbone. The frame is attached to the posts, which provides the base for artificial teeth.
Test Before Dental Implant Surgery
To assess the condition of your teeth and oral health, the doctor may order a dental X-ray scan or a CT scan. These imaging tests help your dentist replicate your jawbones. With the images obtained from these tests, they can accurately create models of the replacement teeth.