Karyotyping- Fertility/Reproductive Medicine and IVF
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Karyotype tests sometimes done during pregnancy to study a baby’s chromosomes to see if they any abnormalities. Humans have 46 chromosomes (23 pairs). Babies inherit 23 from the mother and 23 from the father. Each chromosome contains thousands of genes in specific locations. These genes are responsible for a person’s inherited physical characteristics and they have a profound impact on growth, development, and function.
The most common things that doctors look for with karyotype tests include:
- Down syndrome
- Edwards syndrome
- Patau syndrome
- Klinefelter syndrome.
- Turner syndrome.