Stem Cell Treatment for Cardiomyopathy- Regenerative Medicine/ Stem Cell Therapy
Stem cell treatment has shown promising results for patients with cardiomyopathy.
Cardiomyopathy refers to conditions that result due to enlarged, thick, or rigid heart muscles.
As the disease progresses, the heart muscles become weak. So, the heart becomes unable to pump enough blood to different organs of the body. Heart failure may occur when the muscles become very weak.
While some people do not experience any signs or symptoms, other people may have serious problems. For example, irregular heartbeats, breathing difficulties, and swollen ankles, feet, and legs.
To diagnose cardiomyopathy, your doctor will first review your medical and family history. Then, they will check your heart sounds and physical signs such as swellings. They may order diagnostic tests and procedures including:
- Blood tests: Results from the blood tests help the doctor exclude other conditions that might cause similar symptoms.
- X-ray of the chest: It shows if your heart is enlarged or fluid has accumulated in the lungs.
- Electrocardiogram (EKG): An EKG shows the rhythm and rate of your heartbeat.
- Holter monitor: A Holter monitor is a small, portable device. You should wear it around your neck. Its function is similar to that of an EKG but it allows continuous monitoring for 24 to 48 hours or longer.
- Electrocardiography (ECG or Echo): It uses ultrasound to produce pictures of your heart. Your doctor uses the pictures to check heart function, and its shape and size.
- Cardiac catheterization: This procedure checks if the inside of your blood vessels has blockages. Coronary angiography may be carried out along with cardiac catheterization to detect blood flow through the blood vessels.
- Myocardial biopsy: It involves the study of cells of the heart muscle under a microscope. The results are useful in determining the type of cardiomyopathy.
Stem cell treatment uses cells derived from bone marrow, embryos, or heart tissue. How these cells help improve cardiomyopathy is still not clear.
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