Neurology is the study of neuroscience, which is concerned with the human brain, nervous system and spinal cord. The practitioner of this field is called a neurologist or informally called, ‘the brain doctor’. A large ratio of trained neurologists is known to partake in clinical trials and research.
The diagnosis and treatment of neurological diseases and disorders fall under the scope of neurology. Surgeries related to the brain, nerves or spinal cord fall under a completely different specialty called neurosurgery. This means that neurology is a non-surgical field. Some of the diseases and disorders of neurology include:
- Chronic pain
- Alzheimer’s disease
- Movement disorders
- Parkinson’s disease
- Sleep disorders
- Neuromuscular diseases
- Tumors on the spinal cord or brain
A neurologist examines the patient by a thorough physical exam of his senses, movement, coordination, vision and strength. A person’s medical history is also crucial to understand the situation but it is the current condition of the patient that plays the biggest part in the diagnosis of the diseases or disorders.
Diagnostic imaging is a big part of neurology. It is literally like getting the full picture of the brain. A few of the many imaging techniques a neurologist would prescribe include:
- Computed Axial Tomography (CAT scans)
- Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
- Electroencephalography (EEG)
Some disorders can be genetically passed down the generations. For a comprehensive detail of this, genetic testing is being used readily but more advancement is still needed in this field. This area of neurology is called neurogenetics.
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