This branch of medicine deals with the diagnosis, treatments and surgical procedures of the urinary tract system as well as the male reproductive system. The term ‘uro’ is Greek for urine, literally translating the term into ‘the study of urine.' This field is also sometimes called genitourinary surgery. The practitioner of this field is often called a urologist. There are a whole bunch of organs that fall under the scope of this field. Urology includes the study of:
- Adrenal glands
- Urinary bladder
- Vas deferens
- Seminal vesicles
There are a bunch of diseases and disorders related to the urinary tract system and the male reproductive system. Since they are located in the same territory, the two are linked together. This field is the management of complex surgical procedures as well as less severe non-surgical treatments. Some non-surgical disorders include urinary tract infection (UTI) and benign prostatic hyperplasia. Some surgical procedures include bladder cancer, prostate cancer, kidney stones, congenital abnormalities, vasectomy, and trauma.
Urology is one of those fields of medicine that has progressed into laparoscopic procedures, which include surgeries using laparoscopic technology and one small incision. These surgeries have a reduced risk from surgeries, less recovery time and higher success rates.
A urologist may use multiple medical tests for diagnosis, for example, ultrasound, endoscopy, etc. There are a bunch of sub-specialties under this field. Some of them are:
- Urologic oncology and surgery
- Urologic surgery
- Endourology and surgery
- Urogynecology and surgery
- Reconstructive urology surgery
- Pediatric urology and surgery
- Transplant urology